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Registration of Preliminary Candidates for 2016 By- and Re-elections Begins

Date :Jan/06/2016Read : 118

Registration of Preliminary Candidates for 2016 By- and Re-elections Begins

 

The National Election Commission (NEC) of the Republic of Korea has announced that Preliminary Candidates for by-and re-elections to be held on April 13, 2016 begins from January 1, 2016.  

 

Preliminary candidates for the head of local government and local council member elections can only register from January 31. Preliminary candidates for by- and re-election should register by March 23, the day before the candidate registration for National Assembly elections begins.   

 

Except for the preliminary candidate registration time period, the schedule for the by- and re-elections will follow the same schedule as the 20th National Assembly elections.  

 

The preliminary candidate registration system allows newcomers to the political arena an opportunity to make themselves known before the start of official campaigning. 

 

Those planning to become preliminary candidates should submit their resident registration card to the NEC and documents to prove their eligibility such as their Family Relations Certificate, criminal record documents and certificates of education to the local election commission as well as making a deposit (20% of the deposit that the final candidates will pay). 

 

If those who assume a position limiting running in the election, including public official, wishes to register as a preliminary candidate, he/she should resign before registering. Any candidate who did not register as a preliminary candidate but wishes to run in the election must resign 30 days before the election, which will be March 14. 

 

For the campaigns of preliminary candidates, candidates may:

• Establish a campaign office

• Distribute election campaign cards

• Use campaign sashes or markers

• Make direct campaign phone calls

• Send one campaign material to a certain number of households within the constituency as announced by the election commission (maximum 10% of households) 

 

Registered preliminary candidates will also have to register during the final candidate registration period from March 24 to 25, 2016. Anybody who does not register as a preliminary candidate may also register as a final candidate during that period. 

 

According to the revision of the Public Official Election Act made in August 2015, from 2016 by- and re-elections will only take place once during the year of an upcoming Presidential election. 

 

If you have any questions regarding the requirements for preliminary candidate registration or the registration in general, you can call 1390 or contact your local election commission 

 

 

 《 Election Schedule 》

 Creation of Voters List

 March 22 (Tuesday)

 Home Voting Application Period

 March 22 (Tuesday) – March 26 (Saturday)

 Candidate Registration

 March 24 (Thursday) - March 25 (Friday)

 Early Voting Period

 April 8 (Friday) – April 9 (Saturday) 6am - 6pm

 Election Day

 April 13 (Wednesday) 6am – 6pm

 

 

 Differences Between Candidates Who Preliminarily Register and Those Who Do Not

 

 

Category

Preliminary Candidates

Prospective Candidates

Establishment of Election Campaign Office

Allowed to establish one election campaign office after reporting the establishment to the competent election commission

Prohibited from establishing an election campaign office

Signboards and Banners at Election Campaign Office

- Allowed to install or post signboards, or hanging banners at the election campaign office

No limitation on size and quantity

- Allowed to post contents promoting candidate or materials considered to be election campaigning

 

Prohibited from hanging banners containing promotion for candidate

Hiring of paid election campaign workers

After reporting to the competent election commission, allowed to hire election campaign workers, including the manager of an election campaign office, and pay allowances and actual expenses

Prohibited from hiring paid election campaign workers

Internet homepage

Allowed to carry out election campaigning on an internet homepage

Allowed to carry out election campaigning on an internet homepage

E-mail

Allowed to send information considered to be election campaigning in the forms of text, voice, image and video by hiring a service provider to send bulk emails to voters

Pursuant to Article 82 (5) of the Public Official Election Act

Allowed to send voters information considered to be election campaigning in the forms of text, voice, image and video by e-mail, but prohibited from hiring a service provider to send bulk emails

Sending Text Messages

Allowed to send text messages excluding voice, image, and video (in case of using automated communication with computers and computer applications, sending messages shall not exceed five times)

Allowed to send text messages excluding voice, image, and video, but prohibited from using automated communication with computers and computer applications to do so

Handing-out of Business Cards

- Allowed to appeal for support or personally hand out business cards containing promotion for oneself (academic background refers to the regular education in Korea and the academic background completed in a foreign educational course equivalent thereto)

- Allowed to hand out business cards, meet voters and appeal for support, visiting public places such as markets and streets

- Prohibited from including content which may affect the elections except customary information such as photo, name, address, telephone number, current job and academic background

- Allowed to customarily exchange business cards as a means of greeting in social life but prohibited from handing them out to unspecified masses whom he/she meet on a street or in a market

Sending Campaign Materials of Preliminary Candidates

After reporting to the competent election commission, allowed to send campaign materials of preliminary candidates to a number of equivalent to 10% of the number of households located in the constituency using prepaid envelopes

Prohibited from sending printed materials which can possibly influence the election

Wearing a Sash or Marks

Allowed to wear a sash or marks indicating a preliminary candidate for election campaigning

 

Not available

Phone Call

Allowed to make a direct phone call and have conversations between a caller and a receiver

Not available

 

  

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