NEC REPUBLIC OF KOREA NATIONAL ELECTION COMMISSION

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Types of Elections and Basic Principles of Election

ElectionsElections for Public OfficeTypes of Elections and Basic Principles of Election

Types of Elections and Basic Principles of Election

  • Elections for Public Office
    • Types of Elections

      The Election Commission is in charge of the management of the elections prescribed in the Public Official Election Act. This includes presidential elections, National Assembly elections and nationwide similtaneous local elections.

    • Basic Principles of Elections
      Universal Ballot
      In principle, every citizen reaching a specific age has the right to vote without discrimination according to their social status, race, religion, gender, education, or property ownership. 
      Equal Ballot
      Every person is entitled to one vote. 
      Direct Ballot
      Eligible voters can participate in the voting process directly.
      Secret Ballot
      The principle of voting that ensures no one will know which political party or candidate the voter has chosen so that a voter can exercise the right to vote in a free and fair way without external interferences such as bribery, intimidation or nepotism
      Free Election
      The Election Law obliges voters to faithfully participate in elections and exercise their right, but there is no penalty against non-participation